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Bates College Requirements for Admission. What are Bates College's admission requirements? While there are a lot of write, pieces that go into essay a college application, you should focus on only a few critical things: In this guide we'll cover what you need to get into Bates College and build a strong application. School location: Lewiston, ME. If you want to get in, the first thing to look at is the acceptance rate. This tells you how competitive the school is and write essay how serious their requirements are. The acceptance rate at my definition, Bates College is write 22% . For every 100 applicants, 22 are admitted.
This means the school is very selective . If you meet Bates College's requirements for GPA, SAT/ACT scores, and writing outline other components of the application, you have a great shot at getting in. But if you fall short on GPA or your SAT/ACT scores, you'll have a very low chance of essay on pollution, being admitted, even if you meet the essay other admissions requirements. Write Essay! Many schools specify a minimum GPA requirement, but this is often just the bare minimum to submit an application without immediately getting rejected. The GPA requirement that really matters is the GPA you need for stanford experiment a real chance of getting in. Essay! For this, we look at on punjabi culture language, the school's average GPA for its current students. (Most schools use a weighted GPA out of 4.0, though some report an unweighted GPA. This school did not officially report its average GPA, but we've estimated it here using data from over 1,000 schools.) With a GPA of 3.84, Bates College requires you to on pollution be near the thesis supervisor top of your class , and well above average. Your transcript should show mostly A's. Ideally, you will also have taken several AP or IB classes to show that you can handle academics at a college level. If you're currently a junior or senior, your GPA is hard to change in time for write on pollution college applications. If your GPA is at thesis, or below the school average of 3.84, you'll need a higher SAT or ACT score to compensate . This will help you compete effectively against write other applicants who have higher GPAs than you.
Each school has different requirements for standardized testing. Most schools require the SAT or ACT, and many also require SAT subject tests. Bates College hasn't explicitly named a policy on SAT/ACT requirements, but because it's published average SAT or ACT scores (we'll cover this next), it's likely test flexible. Stanford Experiment! Typically, these schools say, if you feel your SAT or ACT score represents you well as a student, submit them. Otherwise, don't. Despite this policy, the truth is that most students still take the write essay on pollution SAT or ACT, and most applicants to Bates College will submit their scores. If you don't submit scores, you'll have one fewer dimension to show that you're worthy of essay on punjabi in punjabi, being admitted, compared to other students.
We therefore recommend that you consider taking the SAT or ACT, and doing well. Many schools say they have no SAT score cutoff, but the truth is that there is a hidden SAT requirement. This is based on write essay, the school's average score. The average SAT score composite at Bates College is a 1980 on my definition essay, the old 2400 SAT scale. On the new 1600 SAT , this corresponds to an average SAT score of 1400 . This score makes Bates College Moderately Competitive for SAT test scores. Bates College SAT Score Analysis (New 1600 SAT) The 25th percentile New SAT score is on pollution 1290, and the 75th percentile New SAT score is 1480. In other words, a 1290 on the New SAT places you below average, while a 1480 will move you up to above average . Here's the breakdown of new SAT scores by section: Bates College SAT Score Analysis (Old 2400 SAT) The 25th percentile Old SAT score is 1800, and essay culture in punjabi the 75th percentile SAT score is 2126.
In other words, a 1800 on the Old SAT places you below average, while a 2126 puts you well above average . Here's the breakdown of old SAT scores by section: The Score Choice policy at your school is an important part of essay on pollution, your testing strategy. Essay On Punjabi Culture In Punjabi Language! Bates College has the essay Score Choice policy of writing prompts for narrative essay, Highest Section. This is write essay on pollution also known as superscoring. Essay In Punjabi Language! This means that you can choose which SAT tests you want to send to the school. Of all the scores they receive, your application readers will consider your highest section scores across all SAT test dates you submit . Click below to learn more about how superscoring critically affects your test strategy. For example, say you submit the following 3 test scores: Even though the highest total you scored on any one test date was 1300, Bates College will take your highest section score from all your test dates, then combine them to form your Superscore. You can raise your composite score from 1300 to write 2100 in this example. This is important for writing your testing strategy.
Because you can choose which tests to send in, and Bates College forms your Superscore, you can take the SAT as many times as you want, then submit only the write tests that give you the highest Superscore. Your application readers will only see that one score. Therefore, if your SAT superscore is currently below a 2126, we strongly recommend that you consider prepping for the SAT and retaking it . You have a very good chance of raising your score, which will significantly boost your chances of getting in. Writing! Even better, because of the write essay Superscore, you can focus all your energy on a single section at my definition, a time. If your Reading score is lower than your other sections, prep only for the Reading section, then take the write on pollution SAT.
Then focus on Math for culture language the next test, and so on. This will surely give you the highest Superscore possible. Download our free guide on write, the top 5 strategies you must be using to improve your score. Love Essay! This guide was written by Harvard graduates and SAT perfect scorers. Write Essay! If you apply the stanford strategies in this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements. Just like for the SAT, Bates College likely doesn't have a hard ACT cutoff, but if you score too low, your application will get tossed in the trash. The average ACT score at Bates College is 30. This score makes Bates College Strongly Competitive for ACT scores.
The 25th percentile ACT score is 28, and the 75th percentile ACT score is 32. Even though Bates College likely says they have no minimum ACT requirement, if you apply with a 28 or below, you'll have a very hard time getting in, unless you have something else very impressive in your application. There are so many applicants scoring 30 and write on pollution above that a 28 will look academically weak. If you're taking the ACT as opposed to the SAT, you have a huge advantage in on punjabi language how you send scores, and this dramatically affects your testing strategy. Here it is: when you send ACT scores to colleges, you have absolute control over which tests you send.
You could take 10 tests, and write only send your highest one. This is on punjabi in punjabi unlike the SAT, where many schools require you to send all your tests ever taken. This means that you have more chances than you think to write improve your ACT score. To try to aim for the school's ACT requirement of 32 and above, you should try to take the ACT as many times as you can. For Narrative Essay! When you have the final score that you're happy with, you can then send only that score to all your schools. By and large, most colleges do not superscore the ACT. (Superscore means that the school takes your best section scores from all the test dates you submit, and then combines them into the best possible composite score). Thus, most schools will just take your highest ACT score from a single sitting. However, in our research, we found that Bates College does in fact offer an write essay on pollution ACT superscore policy . To quote their Admissions Office: The submission of standardized testing, such as the SAT I, SAT II and the ACT, is optional for all students applying to Bates. Essay! Superscoring is powerful to write essay on pollution your testing strategy, and you need to supervisor make sure you plan your testing accordingly. Of all the write on pollution scores that Bates College receives, your application readers will consider your highest section scores across all ACT test dates you submit . Supervisor! Click below to learn more about how superscoring critically affects your test strategy.
For example, say you submit the following 4 test scores: Even though the write essay on pollution highest ACT composite you scored on any one test date was 20, Bates College will take your highest section score from all your test dates, then combine them to form your Superscore. You can raise your composite score from 20 to 32 in this example. This is important for your testing strategy. Because you can choose which tests to thesis supervisor send in, and essay Bates College forms your Superscore, you can take the ACT as many times as you want, then submit only the tests that give you the my definition love essay highest Superscore. Your application readers will only write essay, see that one score. Essay! Therefore, if your ACT score is currently below a 32, we strongly recommend that you consider prepping for write essay on pollution the ACT and thesis supervisor retaking it . You have a very good chance of raising your score, which will significantly boost your chances of getting in.
Even better, because of the Superscore, you can focus all your energy on a single section at a time. If your Reading score is lower than your other sections, prep only for the Reading section, then take the ACT. Write Essay On Pollution! Then focus on Math for the next test, and prompts essay so on. On Pollution! This will surely give you the highest Superscore possible. Download our free guide on the top 5 strategies you must be using to improve your score. Experiment Essay! This guide was written by write on pollution Harvard graduates and ACT perfect scorers.
If you apply the strategies in thesis this guide, you'll study smarter and make huge score improvements. SAT/ACT Writing Section Requirements. Both the SAT and ACT have a Writing section that includes an write essay on pollution essay. Bates College considers the SAT/ACT Writing section optional and may not include it as part of service hours essay, their admissions consideration. You don't need to worry too much about Writing for this school, but other schools you're applying to write on pollution may require it. My Definition Essay! Schools vary in their SAT subject test requirements.
Typically, selective schools tend to require them, while most schools in essay the country do not. We did not find information that Bates College requires SAT subject tests, and so most likely it does not . Writing! At least 6 months before applying, you should still doublecheck just to make sure, so you have enough time to take the essay on pollution test. Service! Because this school is very selective, strong academic scores are critical to improving your chances of admission . If you're able to score a 2126 SAT or a 32 ACT or above, you'll have a very strong chance at getting in. For a school as selective as Bates College, rounding out the rest of on pollution, your application will also help. We'll cover those details next. But if you apply with a score below a 2126 SAT or a 32 ACT, you unfortunately have a low chance of getting in. There are just too many other applicants with high SAT/ACT scores and strong applications, and you need to compete against them. Here's our custom admissions calculator. Plug in your numbers to see what your chances of getting in on punjabi in punjabi language are. How would your chances improve with a better score?
Try to take your current SAT score and add 160 points (or take your ACT score and on pollution add 4 points) to thesis the calculator above. See how much your chances improve? At PrepScholar, we've created the leading online SAT/ACT prep program. We guarantee an write essay improvement of 160 SAT points or 4 ACT points on your score, or your money back. Service Hours! Here's a summary of why we're so much more effective than other prep programs: PrepScholar customizes your prep to your strengths and weaknesses . You don't waste time working on areas you already know, so you get more results in less time. We guide you through your program step-by-step so that you're never confused about on pollution what you should be studying. Focus all your time learning, not worrying about what to learn. Our team is made of national SAT/ACT experts . PrepScholar's founders are Harvard graduates and SAT perfect scorers. You'll be studying using the strategies that actually worked for them. We've gotten tremendous results with thousands of students across the country. Read about thesis our score results and write reviews from our happy customers.
There's a lot more to PrepScholar that makes it the best SAT/ACT prep program. Supervisor! Click to learn more about essay our program, or sign up for our 5-day free trial to check out essay PrepScholar for yourself: Every school requires an write essay application with the bare essentials - high school transcript and GPA, application form, and other core information. Many schools, as explained above, also require SAT and ACT scores, as well as letters of thesis, recommendation, application essays, and on pollution interviews. We'll cover the exact requirements of Bates College here. Application Requirements Overview. Common Application Accepted, supplemental forms required Universal Application Not accepted Electronic Application Available Essay or Personal Statement Required for all freshmen Letters of Recommendation 3 Interview Not required Application Fee $60 Fee Waiver Available? Available Other Notes. SAT or ACT SAT or ACT Writing Optional SAT Subject Tests Scores Due in Office.
Subject Required Years English 4 Math 3 Science 3 Foreign Language 2 Social Studies 3 History 3 Electives. Offered? Deadline Notification Regular Admission Yes January 1 None Early Action No Early Decision Yes November 15, November 1 None. If you're interested in Bates College, you'll probably be interested in these schools as well. We've divided them into 3 categories depending on how hard they are to get into, relative to language Bates College. These schools are more selective and have higher scores than Bates College. If you improve your SAT score, you'll be competitive for these schools. Same Level: Equally Hard to Get Into.
If you're competitive for Bates College, these schools will offer you a similar chance of essay on pollution, admission. Safety Schools: Easier to Get Into. Writing Essay! If you're currently competitive for Bates College, you should have no problem getting into these schools. If Bates College is currently out of your reach, you might already be competitive for these schools. Write Essay! Our experts have written hundreds of writing prompts for narrative essay, useful articles on improving your SAT score and getting into college. You'll definitely find something useful here. Subscribe to our newsletter to get FREE strategies and guides sent to your email. Learn how to ace the SAT with exclusive tips and write essay on pollution insights that we share with our private newsletter subscribers. You should definitely follow us on service hours, social media . You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed.
Follow us on on pollution, all 3 of our social networks: Series: How to Get 800 on experiment essay, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! PrepScholar 2013– . Essay! All Rights Reserved. SAT® is a term a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination Board TM does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of write essay, this site.
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Mightier than the sword – the impact of the essay on pollution ideas of stanford experiment essay Thomas Paine on the American Revolution. Without the pen of Paine, the sword of Washington would have been wielded in vain. (Joel Barlow, American diplomat and poet) There was but one topic of conversation throughout the American colonies in the summer of essay on pollution 1776. Although the settlers were locked in a bloody armed struggle with Britain the talk was not, as one would expect, of battles won or lost. Wherever people gathered, in every farmyard and factory, in every tavern and town, from the lowest paid farmhands to the richest merchants and landholders, the talk was the same: Common Sense. This was the title of a 47-page political pamphlet which was gripping everyone's imagination with its powerful, persuasive arguments against the monarchy and in favour of American independence. But who was the author of this unsigned work which was so dramatically changing the attitude of so many Americans towards the essay nature of their conflict with the ‘Mother Country'? The political and intellectual elite were certain it was one of their own: . I think our friend Franklin has been principally concerned in the composition, wrote General Horatio Gates to a fellow officer.
Others credited were Thomas Jefferson and John Adams (two future presidents of the USA); others thought it was Samuel Adams, who was to become governor of write essay on pollution Massachusetts. But it was none of these political luminaries. Writing Paper? The author was a recent arrival on America's shores. His name was Thomas Paine. Born on write essay, January 29, 1737, the son of a Quaker father and Anglican mother, Paine lead an interesting and eventful, but ultimately unhappy life in England. Twice married (his first wife died when he was twenty-four-years-old.), his career in his homeland was varied: privateer, teacher, preacher, customs officer and shopkeeper, he campaigned for better wages for on punjabi culture language his colleagues, the poorly paid excisemen. This latter activity cost him his job as a customs officer, cost him his tobacco shop, and cost him his second wife, who divorced him. The unhappy, disillusioned Paine returned from Lewes, where he had been stationed as an exciseman, to write, London, where a friend introduced him to an elderly but energetic American, the essay culture language sixty-eight-year-old scientist, writer and statesman Benjamin Franklin.
Franklin took an immediate liking to him and was later to boast that Thomas Paine was his . adopted political son. Sensing that Paine was the essay sort of man who belonged to the America he hoped to build, he urged him to emigrate there. On November 30 th , 1774, Paine arrived in service hours essay, Philadelphia with a letter of introduction to Franklin's son and son-in-law in his pocket. Paine looked around Philadelphia, the unofficial capital of the American colonies, and liked what he saw: a society of mixed religions and ethnicity, its immigrant workers were spirited and write, dynamic; they were eager to seek a better life than that which they had endured in the oppressive regimes of England and the rest of Europe. America breathed new life into him, it inspired him - here was an opportunity to . Stanford Essay? begin the world anew. It was far from perfect, this new society that Paine had joined: there were inequalities and write essay, there were social injustices; many of the richer settlers and landowners behaved just like the love English gentry, and worst of all - there was slavery! But these wrongs could be put right. This was a young country peopled by many who had themselves fled from various forms of injustice and oppression in their own homelands; the ordinary men and women in this new world could, given direction and leadership, make this land the best place in essay, the world to live in, and set a shining example for the rest of thesis supervisor humanity.
And Thomas Paine was determined to point them in the right direction. He was excited to learn that even the lowest paid workers were already demanding the write essay on pollution right to vote in city elections, and there was even talk that the Philadelphia Militia were demanding the right to elect their own officers. Yes - these were people with fire in their bellies, these were people capable of prompts for narrative shaping their own destiny. He was in his element when he was offered a job as editor in a new periodical, The Pennsylvania magazine. Write Essay? Along with editing, he was also writing articles for The Pennsylvania and other magazines. He railed against service hours, slavery: That some desperate wretches should be willing to write, steal and enslave men by violence and murder for thesis gain, is rather lamentable than strange. But that many civilized, nay, Christianized people should approve, and be concerned in the savage practice, is surprising. (March 1775). Under his editorship The Pennsylvania became the biggest selling periodical in America.
He was on the crest of a wave: his own writing was attracting critical acclaim, and write, Franklin's son-in-law, Richard Bache, was introducing him to some of on punjabi in punjabi language Philadelphia's leading citizens. Then once again things took a turn for the worse: he angered John Witherspoon (the magazine's co-publisher) by essay on pollution, editing some of his work. He was obliged to for narrative, resign and write essay on pollution, the vindictive Witherspoon slandered him with false allegations that he was a drunkard. Experiment Essay? Paine did not drink to excess but for the rest of his life his many detractors maliciously circulated this false rumour. But in 1775 there were more pressing matters occupying Paine's thoughts: the quarrel between America and Britain had escalated into open warfare with the battles of Lexington and on pollution, Concord in April, followed by a much bloodier confrontation at stanford experiment essay, Bunker Hill in June. He concluded that the aims of this dispute must now be changed. It was no longer sufficient to fight for rights and justice within the framework of the British Empire; it was time for Americans to essay on pollution, sever links with Britain and essay in punjabi, assert their independence. To this end he set himself the task of writing what was to become the write essay biggest-selling, most widely read and successful political pamphlet in history: Common Sense.
We were blind, but on reading these enlightening words the writing paper scales have fallen from our eyes. Thus wrote a Connecticut reader to write essay on pollution, the Pennsylvania Post in 1776. To appreciate the impact of Paine's writing it is hours essay, essential to be aware of the prevailing psychology at the time. It is true that there always were some who had advocated fighting for independence, but they were very much in the minority. Most people throughout all levels of society still wanted to maintain allegiance with Britain. They believed it was parliament, and not ‘good' King George, that was to blame for the unfair taxation that was being imposed upon them. Get rid of these vile ministers and Americans would dwell with respect and essay, dignity under the British constitution as part of the essay Empire.
George Washington and his fellow officers were still drinking to the King's health; Thomas Jefferson wrote: There is not a man in the British Empire who more cordially loves a union with Great Britain than I do. Washington, one of the richest men in America, and others of his ilk, had every reason to remain locked into on pollution, the British Empire; they were alarmed by the growing confidence of the working-class whom they despised and wished to keep in their place. Statesman Gouverneur Morris referred to the common people as ‘reptiles'. And of course the ordinary people themselves, preconditioned by generations of having loyalty to king and country drilled into their psyches, were still proud to be British. Then Common Sense struck the continent like an earthquake, its shockwaves shattering the political status quo in every state along the entire East coast of America. No longer would his royal majesty be held in such reverence and awe, no longer would the workers and essay on punjabi culture in punjabi language, peasants regard the aristocracy and the landed gentry of Britain (and America) as their betters. Overnight the people of America had become wide awake to reality, and they were demanding the on pollution right to rule themselves - total independence! Such was the power of Tom Paine's pen. Common Sense was published on January 10, 1776, and the world had seen nothing like it before. It was the most powerful and persuasive piece of political writing that had ever been produced; its irrefutable logic utterly destroyed the paper case for the monarchy, the aristocracy and the corrupt system of essay British government. The demand for the forty-seven-page pamphlet could hardly be met: it sold half a million copies.
Considering the my definition love essay size of the population, of which a large proportion could neither read nor write, this made it the on pollution biggest seller of all time; relative to for narrative essay, today's population the write essay equivalent sales would be 50 million. This was achieved by one man, without any organised political party behind him. One can sense the excitement and growing confidence the American settlers must have felt as Paine demolished the myth of the monarchy, beginning with William the Conqueror - A French bastard landing with an supervisor armed banditti, and establishing himself King of England against the consent of the natives. He then went on to belittle . the folly of hereditary right in kings. He argued for the separation of church and state, went on to discuss America's economic, military and naval potential and write essay, suggested a framework for American self government. After reading the pamphlet the vast majority of working-class Americans, and even many of the social elite, were convinced that complete independence was the essay culture only way forward for their country.
Paine's achievement was swift, incredible and irreversible. It gained him immense popularity with ordinary Americans, but made him many bitter enemies among the loyalists and among those who feared the increasing power of the working people. There followed a concerted effort by many of the write social elite to attack Common Sense , leading to an intense war of words in the Pennsylvania press between Paine and his many detractors, especially John Adams (not to be confused with John Quincy Adams), who developed a lifelong hatred for him. But now the people's demand for independence could not be stopped. Washington wrote to his secretary, Joseph Reed: . by private letters I have lately received from supervisor Virginia, I find ‘Common Sense' is working a powerful change in the minds of men. On July 4 th , 1776, Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence.
These are the essay on pollution times that try men's souls. That year Paine enlisted in paper outline, the militia and write essay, became aide to General Nathaniel Greene? arguably the hours essay best general on either side. Washington was now Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. He was an imposing personality and was personally brave, but as a field commander he left much to write essay on pollution, be desired. To his credit he was aware of his shortcomings, and stanford essay, the shortcomings of his militia. He enlisted the Prussian officer Friedrich von Steuben to drill his troops into military efficiency and co-opted the aid of La Fayette's French army and De Grasse's French fleet to help America's cause. Astonishingly, considering the availability of an write abundance of service hours essay expert horsemen, he never developed a cavalry wing to his army. Write On Pollution? His idea of ‘inspiring' his men was to threaten them with hanging if they showed cowardice in battle, hardly the hallmark of a great leader. It was his good fortune that he had an able subordinate in Greene and that his British counterpart, Howe, allowed himself to be distracted from the job in hand by his American mistress. By the end of the stanford year the essay outlook was bleak for America's cause: Washington's army was in retreat and essay, soldiers were deserting their units every day; Congress had fled from Philadelphia, fearing its occupation by British troops and everyone was anticipating defeat. Everyone except Thomas Paine.
In his American Crisis (the first of many with that title) he penned the stirring words that were to essay, fan the flames of American patriotism: These are the times that try men's souls: The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it NOW, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. The American Crisis sold in tens of thousands, boosted morale, revived recruitment and turned the tide of battle. Washington ordered his officers to read Crisis to his troops. The troops listened to Paine's words, crossed the Delaware, routed the Hessian troops and captured Trenton. The situation had been completely turned around. Experiment Essay? As with Common Sense, Paine never took a penny from the profits of his writing, he gave it all to provide clothing for write the troops. Throughout the Revolutionary War he devoted himself tirelessly to essay, the cause, serving in write on pollution, various posts and issuing pamphlets, continuously rousing the flagging morale of the Americans: Those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom, must like men, undergo the fatigues of supporting it. When Washington's depleted army was taking refuge in Valley Forge and Congress was questioning his ability to command, it was Paine who came to his defence - a loyalty that was not reciprocated by Washington when Paine later needed his help. Writing Prompts? He also endeavoured to patch up teething problems in essay, the young and growing nation, advising on territorial disputes, taxation and other matters of government.
Totally devoted to America's cause, he even sailed at his own expense on a diplomatic mission to France. On October 19, 1781, the British forces under General Cornwallis were decisively beaten by combined French and American troops. Britain's cloak of thesis invincibility was torn to shreds and it was the beginning of the end for the mighty British Empire. America was the first revolutionary state to defeat a great European power - the war ended with the Treaty of Paris in April, 1783. The far seeing Paine was still anxious about the future of the union, realising that many Americans took it too lightly. He feared that some states might, for reasons such as slavery and commerce, decide to break away and go it alone: I ever feel myself hurt when I hear the union, that great palladium of our liberty and safety, the least irreverently spoken of. Essay On Pollution? It is the most sacred thing in the constitution of America. And the declared purpose of the ‘Union of the love essay States': To see it in our power to make a world happy, to teach mankind the art of being so, to exhibit, on the theatre of the Universe a character hitherto unknown. I wonder you did not hang that scoundrel Paine for his blackguard libel on king, lords, and essay, commons.
I suppose the writing extreme scurrility of the pamphlet, or the write on pollution villainy of those who wish to disperse it among the essay common people, has carried through so many editions. For it appears to me to have no merit whatever; but it may do mischief in ale-houses in England, and even more in whiskey-houses in Ireland. I think it by far the most treasonable book that ever went unpunished within my knowledge; so, pray, hang the fellow if you can catch him. (Lord Mornington.) The war was over. Thomas Paine had given his all to the revolution: the proceeds from his writings had gone to help the war effort and now he was jobless and write essay, without an income. He petitioned Congress for a modest pension in acknowledgement of his contribution to the war's success. He had the support of Franklin, Jefferson and Washington. But he had also made some powerful enemies and they were not going to make life easy for writing prompts him. His fight for democracy, his egalitarianism, his zealous opposition to corruption had earned him the implacable enmity and write on pollution, undying hatred of many in essay on punjabi culture language, the rich, landowning ‘aristocracy' of on pollution America. So Congress rejected his petition but agreed to a grant of $3,000 - he would have been much, much richer if he'd kept the proceeds from service essay his writings. Pennsylvania gave him a gift of $500 and New York gave him a farm which had been confiscated from a Tory landowner.
He now had breathing space to contemplate his future. As a young man Paine had learned a lot about science and engineering by reading and attending lectures; he decided to put his knowledge to practical use. He designed an iron bridge which he believed was safer and more durable than the traditional wooden bridges of his day. But no one in America was willing to invest in essay, his project so, on Franklin's advice, he sailed for London and Paris to seek backing. He expected to be away for a few months; it was to be sixteen years before he saw his beloved America again. It was 1787, just two years before the storming of the Bastille. Writing Prompts For Narrative? Things were changing in France - and in write essay on pollution, England.
In France the poor and the middle-classes were seething with anger at the heavy taxation they suffered while the nobility shared little or none of the burden of prompts essay running the country. Soldiers returning from America spoke of the more just and on pollution, democratic society that was growing in service hours, the new republic and this made the French masses determined to build a more just society for themselves. Write Essay On Pollution? Their anger would soon turn into stanford experiment, a terrible, unstoppable rage which would eventually give rise to the ‘reign of terror'. England at that time was the most industrially advanced and on pollution, commercially successful nation in essay on punjabi culture in punjabi, the world, but its people paid a terrible price: the momentum of the industrial revolution led to merciless exploitation, inhuman working conditions and a wretched, poverty-stricken existence for the working-class. There was talk on the streets of equality and democratic rights; the ruling class were getting nervous. Paine spent two years trying to find investors for his bridge, while inevitably involving himself in the turbulent politics of the write essay times. Then on thesis, July 14, 1789, the crowds stormed the Bastille and soon afterwards began invading the great estates of the landowning aristocracy. The next twenty-five years of write essay European history would be written in blood as the ancien regime struggled to maintain the status quo.
It was Thomas Paine's dream that the revolutionary zeal which had crossed the Atlantic to France would quickly spread throughout Europe, creating republics in place of hours essay monarchies, each republic working in harmony with its neighbours to create a humane and civilized Europe - To begin the world anew. The turncoat Edmund Burke, who had originally championed the American Revolution, was now paid by write essay, the British Government to write Reflections on essay, the Revolution in France , which was to give him the on pollution reputation as the father of modern conservatism. Marx was to thesis supervisor, say of Burke: The sycophant - who in pay of the English oligarchy played the write on pollution romantic laudatory temporis acti against the French Revolution just as, in the pay of North American colonies at the beginning of the American troubles, he had played the liberal against the English oligarchy, was an service hours out and out vulgar bourgeois. Burke's condemnation of the French Revolution was considered to be a great success but it really was a wasted exercise: it was aimed at the upper classes and the well educated, preaching loyalty for the monarchy and the aristocracy. Write On Pollution? It was preaching to essay on punjabi in punjabi, the converted.
And that was the difference between his writing and on pollution, Paine's. Paine had the ability to communicate with all levels of society, from the poorest to my definition love essay, the richest: Burke's Reflections sold 20,000 copies in a year, whereas Common Sense sold several times that in a month. There were many radicals in England who took issue with Burke but, not surprisingly, the most effective reply came from write essay Paine's Rights of love Man. Burke's ridiculous argument, that monarchy and the aristocracy had served past generations well (who did he think he was fooling?), and that the write essay present and future generations should perpetuate this tradition, was rubbished by essay culture language, Paine. Burke not only denied that the people of England had the right to choose or reject their own government, but also claimed:
That the people of England utterly disclaim such a right, and that they will resist the practical assertion of it with their lives and fortunes. That men should take up arms, and spend their lives and fortunes not to maintain their rights, but to maintain they have no rights, is an entire new species of discovery, and suited to the paradoxical genius of Mr Burke. The establishment's ‘intellectual champion' was no match for Paine. On Pollution? He tore apart Burke's arguments with the same irrefutable logic and scathing sarcasm that had defeated so many of stanford essay his political adversaries in the past. He also encouraged the spirit of revolution in Britain by advocating a system of graduated taxation on write essay, the wealthy that would provide child education; pensions for love essay the aged; maternity benefits and other proposals for helping the on pollution poor and service hours, unemployed. He was a man ahead of write essay on pollution his time. Supervisor? But most audacious of all - he defiantly called for the establishment of write essay a British Republic! This was too much - freedom of speech was guaranteed in England of course, but only if you said the right things - it was time to writing a term outline, hang Tom Paine! On September 14 th , 1792, Paine, who had been elected to essay on pollution, the new National Convention in France for writing a term paper the purpose of writing a new constitution, left England on a boat bound for Calais. Essay? It was a fortuitous departure: Pitt and writing a term paper, his government were poised to vent their wrath upon their tormentor, but now he was out of their grasp.
In vindictive fury they conducted a witch-hunt, persecuting and imprisoning everyone involved in write, publishing, selling and in any way promoting Paine's writings. Paine was tried in in punjabi language, his absence and found guilty of seditious libel for writing The Rights of essay on pollution Man. He arrived in Calais to a hero's welcome and its citizens elected him their representative to the new National Convention. These were perilous times for the people of France: surrounded by writing a term, hostile nations, they were at war with Austria and write essay on pollution, Prussia, and Louis XVI was in prison for colluding with the enemy. The republicans were split into two factions: Girondins (moderates) and Jacobins (radicals). It was only a matter of time before the revolution began to stanford essay, devour its own children. At the Convention he and the other delegates voted to abolish the monarchy and France was declared a Republic. He was then appointed to the committee responsible for drafting a new constitution.
He had friends in both republican factions, but his popularity was not to last. Write Essay? Although Paine loathed the monarchy he opposed the execution of Louis XVI. He proposed instead that Louis be exiled to America, where he would be unable to meddle in France's affairs. For Narrative? He had been sickened by the concept of capital punishment when, as a child growing up in Thetford, he witnessed the horrifying spectacle of write poor working-class people who had been hanged for stealing a mere pittance: there was a clear view of Thetford's Gallows Hill from the house he grew up in. But in voting against the death penalty for Louis he angered many Jacobins, especially Robespierre. Supervisor? And Robespierre was about to come to power. In the ensuing power struggle the Jacobins emerged victorious and showed no mercy to their political opponents; the write on pollution Reign of Terror commenced.
On December 28 th , 1793, Paine was arrested. There is no doubt that it would have taken just one word from George Washington to obtain his release, but Washington remained silent: he was keen to resume trade with England and he knew the British establishment wanted to see Paine dead. Business and commerce came before loyalty and friendship to the politically pragmatic Washington. This perfidy must have astonished as well as embittered Paine: Washington had previously been a loyal supporter of Paine and had given him great credit for his part in thesis supervisor, America's victory over write essay Britain. Equally treacherous was the American Minister to love, France, Gouverneur Morris. He could have effected Paine's release with little effort, but had no intention of doing so.
Morris, who believed that no decent civilization could exist without an aristocracy, would have been delighted to see Tom Paine's head roll - and write on pollution, it almost did. In July 1794 Paine was suffering from an almost fatal bout of fever which, ironically, saved his life. The day before he was due to be executed his cell mates asked that the cell door be left open to allow the air to circulate and cool the fever. When the prison officers came to mark the cell doors of the condemned prisoners, Paine's door was opened wide, with the inside of the door now facing outwards and the outside face of the door tight against the wall. Because of this the outline inside of the write essay door was marked by the prison officers. When the door was closed later that night the ‘condemned' mark was on the inside of the cell and was not seen by the executioners who came to collect their victims next morning.
Thus, by sheer chance, Tom Paine missed his appointment with death. Before his execution could be rescheduled his persecutor was overthrown and it was Robespierre's head that tumbled into my definition love, the executioner's basket. Write Essay On Pollution? Some historians claim that Washington did nothing to save Paine because he was unaware of his plight; this is naive, Paine himself had no doubts about Washington's treachery. Essay? He remained imprisoned until Morris was replaced by James Monroe, who obtained his release on November 5 th . Still severely ill, he was looked after by Monroe and his wife at their official residence. Meanwhile, his Age of Reason , published earlier that year, won him no friends. Paine was by this time a Deist, believing in God but not in organized religion.
He enraged church leaders by write essay, criticizing the bible, saying of the essay language Old Testament: . a history of grossest vices and a collection of the most paltry and contemptible tales. Referring to write on pollution, the New Testament he described Christ as a virtuous man, a reformer and a revolutionist, but dismissed the Immaculate Conception and Christ's resurrection as fraudulent stories. Age of Reason gave his enemies all the ammunition they needed to destroy his popularity in that God-fearing age. Relations between Monroe and Paine became strained as a result of Paine's hostility to Washington and in culture, 1796 he moved out of Monroe's house. He wanted to return to America but French ports were being blockaded by the British navy so he moved in with the family of Nicolas de Bonneville, writing articles for de Bonneville's paper, Bien Informe. Despite his non-stop political activity he also continued with his passion for engineering, designing canal systems, bridges and essay on pollution, cranes. Then in 1801 Thomas Jefferson, now president, offered to bring him back to America, a decision that brought down a torrent of criticism on the president's head from the writing a term outline political opposition. In October 1802, the write sixty-five year old Paine arrived in Baltimore to be met by a storm of abuse from the my definition essay Federalist press. Essay? Although he still had loyal friends he was faced with widespread hostility wherever he went, but he remained politically active, writing letters criticizing the Federalist opposition and proposing to Jefferson that the United States purchase the Louisiana Territory. In 1803 Margaret de Bonneville and her three sons arrived in America: her husband was under surveillance by the French police and could not leave France, so Paine assumed responsibility for stanford experiment essay the children's education.
Despite his fading health and wealth (he had to essay on pollution, sell part of his farm to prompts essay, pay his debts) his pen was in constant use, writing to and for essay the press on varied subjects. When Jefferson did buy Louisiana from writing France in April 1803 for $15,000,000 it was the biggest land deal ever struck between two nations: the Louisiana Purchase stretched east to west from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains, north to south from Canada to the Mexican Gulf. But Jefferson appalled Paine by allowing the establishment of slavery in the new territory. Bitterly disappointed, he pleaded with the president to permit black families to leave the ‘slave states' and settle there. But Jefferson rejected his pleas and essay, the curse of slavery was perpetuated until, sixty years later, it tore the country apart. In his final years his condition became pitiful: his health reduced him to a shadow of his once indefatigable self, and he was kept alive by the charity of on punjabi culture in punjabi language friends; he was even refused the right to vote on the grounds that he was not a true American. This last insult, coming after the treacherous treatment meted out to him by Washington and essay on pollution, Morris, must have been devastating: the man who was known as ‘the voice of the supervisor revolution', the man who had done more than any man alive to inspire and motivate the people of America to free their young country from the shackles of British imperialism, was turned away at the polling station. He spent his last days in the rented house of the de Bonneville family, where he died on the morning of June 8 th , 1809. On his deathbed he was approached by Presbyterian ministers who asked him to accept the Christian Church; defiant to the end, he gave them short shrift.
He was buried the next day, with few to mourn him, at his New Rochelle farm, having been refused burial at the Quaker cemetery. Russell is correct in saying that Paine is less prominent in history's hall of fame than most of his less worthy contemporaries: both as a human being and as a contributor to the momentous political events of his time he stood head and shoulders above all of them. On Pollution? A tireless seeker of justice and truth, a dedicated champion of ordinary working people, he was generations ahead of his time in essay, his political thinking. Write On Pollution? Even his ideas on welfare for the poor, the unemployed and the underprivileged were 150 years before their time. England, Paine's birthplace. But it is not merely his lack of self interest which accounts for writing his lack of historical acclaim: since his death there has been a conscious attempt by write on pollution, the political establishments of Britain and the USA to underplay his contribution to 18 th and 19 th century history and to slur his reputation (Theodore Roosevelt called him a ‘dirty little atheist'). His lucid and logical ideas on the governance of nations would still embarrass the corrupt excuses for so-called democratic governments which prevail in the USA, Britain and the rest of Europe today. Thesis? His anti-clericalism and his criticism of organised religion with all its hypocritical ‘pomp and circumstance' has incurred the indignant wrath of write on pollution all branches of the religious establishment in Europe and America, and his anti-monarchist views did nothing to endear him to the British establishment. Thus the man who was a household name in America, Britain, Ireland and for narrative, France in his lifetime, and whose fame was more widespread than even Jefferson, Franklin or Washington, has been deliberately shunted into the sidelines of write history. True, American presidents occasionally quote him, usually out of love essay context, when it suits them. But his name will not be found on the list of Founding Fathers of the USA despite his enormous contribution to write essay, the cause of essay in punjabi language American independence.
As for write essay on pollution England, there are relatively few today in the land of his birth who have even heard of him. But things are changing: Richard Attenborough recently expressed an ambition to film his life story. In the USA, whenever the people question what their political leaders really stand for, his reputation is experiencing a revival. In Morristown, New Jersey, a monument has been erected to him; his Common Sense has been listed as number one in historian E.F. A Term Paper? Goldman's Books That Changed America ; civil liberties champion professor H.S. Commager invoked Paine's name in his fight against McCarthyism; Columbia University professor C.W. Mills (who died tragically young) put Paine on a par with Max Weber and write essay, Karl Marx. Thomas Paine was a truly great man who used his genius as a writer to fight for a better life for my definition love essay ordinary working people, a cause to which he dedicated his own life.
No other writer had such a dramatic and write essay on pollution, immediate impact on the political events of his time. No other man before or since has proved so effectively that words are weapons, and that the stanford essay pen is indeed mightier than the sword.
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123 language essay Primitive people speak primitive languages. Write Essay On Pollution? We know, from anthropological research, that there are no primitive people on Earth today; indeed, it may be that the supervisor, Neandertals were the last truly primitive people. Write Essay On Pollution? And, there are no primitive languages, either. All languages that we know about, including those that are no longer anyone#8217;s native language (Latin, Homeric Greek, etc.) have all the properties of the supervisor, so-called modern languages (French, Spanish, Russian, etc.). Even languages that have been reconstructed, such as Proto-Indoeuropean (the parent language of most European languages as well as Persian, Hindi, etc.), show no signs of primitiveness. They have all the characteristics of so-called modern languages (see below). Some languages are harder than others. On Pollution? While languages differ from one another in just which parts are simple and which are complex, all languages seem to be about equally complex or difficult to learn in their totality. For example, if we compare English and Russian we find that English nouns are relatively simple, while verbs are rather complex; in Russian, the nouns are hard and verbs are relatively simple.
Language is writing . If we ask a naive English speaker how many vowels English has, the answer is usually five. This is because we tend to interpret any question about language as a question about the writing system. The English alphabet has 5 symbols that are normally used for the representation of vowels. But the English language has between 10 and 12 basic vowel sounds; this is the answer the linguist is interested in. Language is first and thesis supervisor foremost oral; speech as a means of communication has been around for perhaps 200,000 years or more, while writing has existed for only about 6,000 as far as we know. Many languages, including many Native American languages as well as most of the creole languages of the write essay on pollution, Caribbean, exist without a written tradition. This in no way diminishes their language-ness. Grammar is a set of prescriptive rules . When we think of grammar, we tend to thesis, think of the sorts of rules drilled into us by our language arts and English teachers: Don#8217;t end sentences with prepositions! Don#8217;t use double negatives!
When linguists work to discover the grammar of a language, they are looking for descriptive rules that model the write, linguistic patterns which people carry around inside their heads. We follow most of these rules unconsciously. In most cases no-one ever teaches them to us (see below); and, in writing prompts for narrative, most cases, we cannot articulate them. We know how to use our language, but we don't typically know why. The interesting thing is that these rules of our descriptive grammar are frequently far more subtle and write essay complex than anything the language arts teachers tell us about. Ne bith thær nænig ælo gebrowen mid Estum. Thesis? not be there not-any beer brewed among Estonians. 'There is no beer brewed among the Estonians.' Furthermore, in some languages, like Spanish and Russian, so-called double negatives are the rule, rather than the exception. Note the Spanish and Russian expressions for I don't see anything. Spanish: Yo no veo nada. I no see nothing.
Russian: Ya ne vizhu nichevo. These are the normal, indeed the only, way of write essay on pollution expressing this in Spanish and Russian. Stanford Experiment? If language worked like formal logic, Spanish and Russian speakers would be suffering from a permament case of illogic. Since speakers of Spanish and on pollution Russian appear to be normal human beings, we have to conclude that language does not obey the rules of formal logic. A Term Paper Outline? Thus, the rule against essay on pollution double negatives formulated by Bishop Lowth is writing prompts essay, not a grammar rule, but rather a social rule having to do with what he considered to be the acceptable use of English.
Language is pure and unchanging . As a conservative society heavily focused on written, rather than oral, forms of language, we tend to think that change, in language as in many other things, is bad. A whole industry of language experts such as Edwin Newman and William Safire regularly rant and rave against on pollution whatever shift in meaning or usage is current. In fact, change in language is stanford experiment essay, constant and the really fundamental changes usually go unnoticed. For example, between Middle and write essay Modern English many English vowels changed their pronunciation, so that words like house and wife, today pronounced [haws] and [wayf], were pronounced as [hu:s] and [wi:f] by Chaucer. These sorts of changes, and others, are still going on essay on punjabi in punjabi language in English even as we speak. Syntax . Speakers have to know how to combine their words into write essay, meaningful sentences that call attention to something and then provide information about it. Again using English as an example, English speakers know how to form yes-no questions from statements like She is in the kitchen (? Is she in the kitchen?) by appropriate movement of is . Semantics . Stanford Experiment Essay? Speakers must know the write on pollution, meaning of the words they use.
Pragmatics . Experiment? Finally, speakers must know how to use their language appropriately to accomplish what they want in a given social situation. However, the knowledge native speakers have is mostly unconscious knowledge; they know how to write essay, say it, but they (usually) can#8217;t tell you how or why they say it that way. Prompts For Narrative Essay? Language as both biology culture. Essay On Pollution? All normal human children, everywhere, acquire the language of their social setting at a term paper outline, about the same pace and in the same way. They do so without formal training, and they do so in write essay, social and cultural contexts which differ in terms of what kinds of linguistic interactions are supposed to love essay, be appropriate between parents/caregivers and infants. These differences do not seem to affect the essay on pollution, rate or quality of children's acquisition of language; in a term outline, a sense, children acquire language in much the same way as they acquire the skill of walking. However, children who are isolated, for some reason, from all forms of linguistic interaction do not acquire language, and on pollution if they reach puberty without exposure to language they may never be able to acquire more than a very rudimentary linguistic ability.
By the time they are around 3-4 years of age, children have mastered some of the most complex and subtle rules of their language, rules which no teacher of supervisor language could ever teach them. Of course, they still have lots of write on pollution vocabulary to learn, as well as some of the essay, pragmatic rules of language use in different social situations, and they have to learn to read and write. While the underlying shape of write language is biological, any given language itself is a cultural artifact. The best way to stanford essay, illustrate this is to take the words for the domesticated animal which English speakers refer to as a dog. All languages have a word for this animal; no language has a word for half-a-dog. This seems to result from a property of the human brain that guides our perception and representation of natural objects in the world, like dogs, which come to us in whole packages (other candidates might be rocks, trees, birds, and so on). At the same time, though, the words we find in different languages. are as different as dog (English); perro (Spanish); anu (Aymara); kelb (Arabic); sobaka (Russian). None of these words has a privileged connection to write on pollution, the animal itself. Each is an arbitrary but conventional answer to the problem of naming these familiar domesticated animals.
Infinite use of finite media . Although languages are complex, they are not infinitely complex. Essay On Punjabi In Punjabi Language? The number of rules that anyone needs to know to create sentences in their language is relatively small, and the number of different kinds of sentences is quite small. Still, the number of sentences that can be produced by any speaker of a language is potentially infinite. Multiple patterning . Language is essay on pollution, patterned at a number of levels of organization: sounds are patterned into phonemes, phonemes into words, words into phrases, phrases into hours, sentences, sentences into write essay on pollution, larger units of hours discourse. This is what makes the essay on pollution, infinite use mentioned above possible.
Predication . All languages make it possible for their speakers to name something and then make some kind of assertion about whatever was named. In other words, all languages allow for sentences that contain a subject and a predicate . We#8217;ll explore this further in essay in punjabi, the unit on syntax. Learnability . A central fact about all known languages is that they are all learnable by human beings. All normal human children acquire the language of their social group, and many (perhaps most!) go on to acquire more than one. Write Essay On Pollution? Traditional transmission . Writing Paper? While all humans appear to have a built-in, genetically provided capacity for language acquisition, the actual acquisition of on pollution language must take place in a social context. The social context determines whether the language acquired is English, Russian, or Inuit, etc. Displacement . Unlike most animal vocalization systems, which require that a stimulus be physically present for the vocalization to take place, human language allows us to talk about things that are absent in either space or time, or both. Thesis Supervisor? Without this feature, humans would not be able to talk about dinosaurs, or Cleopatra. We can add that this feature also allows us to talk about things that never existed, such as Klingons. Without it, we could have neither history or fiction. Openness . Write On Pollution? Also unlike other animals, which typically have a fixed set of vocalizations, humans can increase the number of expressions at their disposal by inventing words.
This feature allows us to add new words to our vocabulary such as hard drive , internet , and gigabyte . The analytic model of service essay language includes the notion of linguistic relativism , which suggests that there is write essay, no point in trying to rank languages on any kind of scale. All human languages that we have any direct information about appear to contain all the characteristics necessary for language. In this view, there is no qualitative difference between a language and essay on punjabi a dialect; the reasons why a particular variety of speech gets labeled as a dialect instead of as a language must be sought elsewhere. In particular, the reasons are to be found in the political, social, and on pollution economic value placed on my definition love the speakers of the language variety in question. The people who wield political, economic, and social control speak the write essay on pollution, language; those who do not speak the dialect. The realization that languages and dialects are not qualitatively different, and that attitudes toward them really reflect social prejudices, has led some linguists to say that a language is a dialect with an army and on punjabi in punjabi language a navy. For linguists, then, what counts as a language, as opposed to a dialect, is socially and write on pollution culturally negotiated; not determined by some objective linguistic truth. Sometimes the negotiation is love essay, spectacularly unsuccessful, as when the essay, Oakland (California) school board attempted to declare African American Vernacular English (Ebonics) a language. There was a great public outcry against this, but almost nobody understood the real reason: African Americans in the US do not have an army and a navy; therefore, they are not entitled to have a language. Thesis Supervisor? I tend to write on pollution, avoid the difficulty of the word dialect by using variety instead. It seems easier and less judgmental to supervisor, speak of varieties of write on pollution English such as British, Australian, North American, or West Indian.
We can even talk about varieties of creole English, such as Jamaican, Trinadadian, Barbadian, Belizean, and so on. Or, we can go in the other direction, and discuss varieties of Romance such as Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian; varieties of Indo-European such as Germanic and Balto-Slavic; or even varieties of human language such as Indo-European, Austronesian, and so on. It all depends on what level of abstraction we are interested in. Although from an analytic viewpoint they know a language as well as anyone, speakers of essay on punjabi culture language non-standard varieties of language are often assumed by the folk model to be language-deficient. Write Essay On Pollution? In the Caribbean, this manifests itself especially when creole-speaking children get to school and come up against the standard language in an intense way for the first time.
Teachers, who through no fault of their own very often have only in punjabi language, minimal training, are aware only write essay, of the folk model for language. Prompts Essay? They assume that deviation from standard language forms is evidence for a lack of language , and that children have no grammar. The analytic model of language tells us that all normal human children have grammar but that grammar is their own knowledge of their native language, not the rules written down in write on pollution, school books.
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Essay on “Child Sex Tourism in Developing Countries” While it might not seem that way in the United States, or in other developed nations, child prostitution is a significant issue around the world , and it still manages to exist under the radar of public health authorities. Each year, as many as a million children are coerced into prostitution; the total number of children in write essay on pollution, prostitution at one time could be as high as 10 million. Culture! Because of the privation that these children face, there is not enough data about the health problems that these children face – but the maladies include forced pregnancy, substance abuse, violence, mental illness, and infectious diseases. Just like any other form of child abuse, child prostitution not only leads to death for far too many, but it also takes away their dignity and their basic rights. The purpose of this research is to analyze existing literature on child prostitution, particularly with regard to essay on pollution health issues as well as best practices in the tourism industry, and emerge with recommendations to help promote sustainable tourism in developing nations without resorting to hours essay the use of child prostitutes. The need for write essay finding a way to supervisor prevent child prostitution from happening should be a global priority. There are several empirical models that have already been identified for tourism industries to essay follow in service hours, different nations, and this paper will call for the use of those models in practice, as tourism companies and government agencies have the ability to institute these professional practices and public policies, as long as they can eliminate some of the barriers that may yet be in place. The primary frame for this discussion is the context of maintaining social responsibility on the corporate level – while also maintaining sustainable tourism industries.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child defined a child as anyone who is not yet 18 years old; child prostitution consists of essay, forcing a child to carry out sexual acts for culture financial or other forms of write essay, compensation, or even offering the use of a child for sexual services. Stanford! It differs from other forms of child sexual abuse because of the commercial aspect; however, because children cannot legally consent (or intellectually consent) to those activities, it is also quite similar to write on pollution other forms of abuse. Currently, both boys and girls (UNICEF 1997, 36) are prostituted at different places on the globe, starting as young as ten years old (ECPAT 2001). Essay! The majority of write essay on pollution, these children are prostituted by local pimps, but there are also foreign tourists and pedophiles who exploit them as well. Many of these children will service five to service hours essay ten customers each day. The number of children is up for debate, particularly in developing nations, but research indicates that there could be as many as 10 million children trapped in prostitution worldwide (UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and write on pollution the Pacific, 2000). It is difficult to get an accurate count, because the people controlling them keep them in hiding and move them frequently (United Nations, 1996). Love! The fact that organized crime is often bankrolling this practice makes it even more difficult to find them. There are a number of social, economic and cultural factors that contribute to the growth of child prostitution. Poverty is the main factor, but gender discrimination and low levels of essay on pollution, education also play a role (United Nations, 1996).
There are communities in the world that condone prostitution and do not enforce the laws proscribing child prostitution (if those laws exist). There are also communities in which the male clients do not think that children will pass on my definition love essay, HIV or other STD’s as easily as adults will (United Nations, 1996). Also, sex workers who have children end up seeing those children being prostituted as well (Deisher et al. Essay! 1989, 1163). Likely targets for pimps include children who have been abandoned or who have run away from home. Girls are often lured or even kidnapped and then compelled to prostitute themselves. International sex tourism has become a major cause for on punjabi culture child prostitution in some countries (Focal Point against Sexual Exploitation of Children, 2001). As one might expect, different countries with child prostitution tend to have different causes for children ending up in essay on pollution, that position.
In Nepal, for example, the cause is usually poverty (Poude 1994, 10); in Nigeria, though, child prostitutes usually fled their homes because they were being abused there (Adedoyin and Adegoke 1995, 28). Thailand is one of the nations in which child prostitution is art of the writing, sex tourism trade (Silbert and Pines 1981, 408). The common thread, though, is that child prostitution brings in money. Essay On Pollution! Overall, the sex industry around the world brings in an estimated $20 billion – $5 billion alone coming from child prostitution (Lim 1998). Indeed, children in prostitution often have to send money home to support their families. Socioeconomic structures in countries where this is taking place must take this issue into account, so that other children simply do not end up being shoved into sex labor. The vast majority of reports into child prostitution include acknowledgment of the health problems that can arise. However, because of the difficulty of culture in punjabi language, even finding child prostitutes, there is little in the way of reliable data on mortality and morbidity.
Sometimes, the write essay on pollution, studies are done and then discarded; those studies that do make it to publication are not easy to find, and thesis supervisor often they focus on qualitative health data instead of quantitative information. The funding for major quantitative studies is difficult to write essay find; again, this is not a problem that is registering in a significant way on the world’s radar. However, there have been some significant quantitative studies that serve as a starting point for this discussion. One example was the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) study of 176 children who were in prostitution in six countries. Rates of HIV infection varied from 5 percent in Vietnam to essay in punjabi language 17 percent in Thailand (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). However, a different report studying children who had been rescued from write essay brothels throughout southeast Asia found that 50 to 90 percent were infected with HIV (WCACSEC, 1996). Obviously, there are a number of factors at work in these cases, including existing levels of HIV infection, as well as access to and use of condoms. There are some communities in thesis, which the total population of sex workers has an on pollution HIV infection rate of prompts, as high as 86 percent – adult and children combined (UNAIDS, 2000). Every time an adolescent girl has unprotected sex with an infected partner, she has a 1 percent chance of getting HIV (Alan Guttmacher Institute 1999).
However, if those children already have an STD that has created genital ulcers, that percentage jumps to 4 percent (WHO 2000). With as many as ten clients a day, it will not take long for those long odds to become a reality. Once HIV infection sets in, the risk of contracting active tuberculosis also spikes (Willis and Levy, 2002, 1418). With regard to other STD’s, the numbers are even more grim. Within the ESCAP study, STD rates among prostituted children ranged from 36 percent in Cambodia to on pollution 78 percent in China (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 2000). If one compares this to the 5 percent incidence of STD’s in on punjabi culture language, adolescents worldwide, these numbers are staggering. The numbers as far as pregnancy are also eye-opening. Any sexually active adolescent who does not utilize contraceptives has a 90 percent chance of pregnancy within a year. Many of the girls forced into prostitution do not have contraceptives, and so they are almost guaranteed to become pregnancy.
Because of substandard medical care, these girls also fall into the risk of complications in pregnancy – including mortality. According to the ESCAP study, 66 percent of the write essay, girls who became pregnant while prostituted sought abortions (Economic and Social Commission for culture in punjabi Asia and the Pacific, 2000). On a worldwide level, between 1 and 4.4 million abortions are performed on adolescents each year – many of them using unsafe practices. Write On Pollution! For child prostitutes, these procedures bring a significant risk of stanford experiment essay, injury and death. Nearly 13 percent of all the essay on pollution, maternal deaths worldwide each year are a result of unsafe abortions (Willis and love essay Levy, 2002, 1419). Of course, there are many other harmful outcomes for child prostitutes. Essay! A study of 475 sex workers in five countries found that two-thirds of them fit the criteria for a diagnosis of stanford, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) (Farley et al. 1998, 407). This is the same malady that makes it so difficult for soldiers returning home from war to on pollution reintegrate themselves into society. Substance abuse takes place at almost a 100 percent rate in many communities among all sex workers, not just children (Carr et al.
1996, 491). This leads to a risk not only of overdose but infection with any number of bloodborne pathogens, not to mention permanent organ damage and stanford cancer. Many child prostitutes suffer violence at the hands of write, clients, pimps, police – and even those with whom they have intimate relationships. That study with 475 sex workers found that 73 percent had been physically assaulted while working on the job, and 62 percent had been raped since becoming a prostitute (Farley et al. 1998, 411). For children, these experiences can be deadly. In 1987, the Brundtland Commission presented the idea of sustainable development as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to essay meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987).
However, the notion of sustainable tourism did not appear for ten more years. In 1997, Agenda 21 for write essay the Travel and Tourism Industry appeared, composed by the World Tourism Organization, the Earth Council, and the World Travel and Tourism Council. There were several reasons for the delay in developing these ideas specific to the tourism industry, such as the service hours essay, wide variety of tourist activities around the world (WTO, 2001). The primary research into sustainable tourism has focused on the social, cultural, ecological and economic impacts of tourism (Cooper et al, 1998; Fennell, 1999; Mason, 2003; Ryan, 2003; Swarbrooke, 1999), until recently. The most current research now focuses on globalization and tourism (Bianchi, 2007; Dodds and Joppe, 2005). Because of a wave of neo-liberal governments coming into power and driving economic philosophy, the questions of the responsibility for business to push sustainable development have come to the forefront, and so corporate social responsibility (CSR) and business ethics have also entered the realm of study (Tepelus 2008, 100). At its most basic, CSR has to do with businesses adopting and implementing standards that are conscious of the environment, ethical and socially responsible (Tepelus 2008, 100). The European Commission (2001) defined CSR as “a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis”(European Commission 2001, 8).
There were four relevant elements to this: covering social and environmental issues; integration with operational strategies; remaining a voluntary condition; and interacting with stakeholders inside and outside the company (Tepelus 2008, 100). Tourism has been one of the last industries to adopt CSR practices (World Bank and International Finance Corporation 2003). Even with the adoption of CSR practices, though, many industries (including tourism) have focused on write on pollution, matters of environmental remediation and stayed away from questions regarding labor and human rights (Epler-Wood and writing a term paper Leray, 2005). On Pollution! Fennell (2006) has argued that there is an “immense void in ethics” (xiii) that has kept tourism from following other industries into the areas covered by my definition love, CSR, and has also argued that ethics in tourism could well “emerge as the next main research platform”(358) in this particular field. While it would be nice to study ethics, of essay, course, the stanford experiment, free market is certainly not pushing for write essay a moral overhaul of the tourism industry. Both the essay in punjabi, industry and write the consumer are motivated by price: as Brackenbury (2003) noted, “price competition and its consequences of productivity improvement, and not product innovation, has occupied the minds of senior managers in this sector over the past ten years” (8). In other words, when there is a financial return on investment, the tourism industry will get involved; when it is not, there will not be innovation (Weiermair 2005). And so the likelihood of an industry-spurred drive to eradicate sex tourism seems like a murky prospect at best, at least under the my definition love essay, current paradigm. However, the lack of ethical concern in essay, the industry has made sex trafficking and child sex tourism a widespread practice (Payne and essay on punjabi culture in punjabi Dimanche, 1996).
After all, sex tourism came about as a legitimate sector of the industry in the 1970’s (Tepelus 2008, 102). As a result, there have been some studies on child sex tourism – just as a part of industry research (O’Connell Davidson, 2004; Garrick, 2005; Cabezas, 2004) covering everything from similarities between child sex tourism and adult sex tourism, rationalizations that tourists give for engaging child prostitutes, and even classifying child sex tourists by citizenship. While there is child sex tourism going on write, all over the world, Asia is currently the epicenter. The Philippines have a reported 60,000 child prostitutes; there are over 400,000 in India and over 800,000 in Thailand. For Narrative Essay! The vast majority are girls who are younger than 16; however, in Sri Lanka, most of the 20,000 child prostitutes are boys (Glover, 2006). However, as has been already noted, the tourists are not the write, only ones to love essay blame, as there is a specific set of cultural conditions that have to be in place for child prostitution to be condoned. In Thailand, for on pollution example, 3 out of 4 men are estimated to have had sex with a prostitute (Sachs, 1994).
Small wonder, then, that there should be such a vast supply of child prostitutes. The problem is global – and it is deeply entrenched in certain corners of the planet. There are already innovations that have been suggested by public and private entities to find ways to eradicate the paper outline, child sex tourism industry, while maintaining sustainable tourism even in countries that base a good deal of their tourism income on foreigners entering the country on on pollution, a sexual vacation. My research objectives are as follows: Identify existing ideas for innovation that could lead to the reduction and removal of child sex tourism from service hours common practice in developing nations Identify barriers to the implementation of those innovation Compare and contrast the various ideas for innovation and appraise the write essay on pollution, ones that are most likely to be effective, based on the cultural contexts involved Develop a series of recommendations for public and paper private entities based on the research. My research will be primarily qualitative in nature. Write On Pollution! The quantitative documentation about the problems that lead to child sex trafficking and thesis supervisor tourism in developing countries is essay, fairly exhaustive, based on both private studies and research carried out by governmental and intergovernmental agencies. Supervisor! Learning more about the specifics of sexually transmitted diseases and the average of write, child prostitutes will not contribute significantly to the existing body of knowledge on the topic; for this reason, my focus will be primarily on ways to writing prompts for narrative implement and write essay improve existing suggestions for innovation within the essay, tourist industry and within public policy. The methods I will use will include researching and comparing the various suggested innovations with an eye toward matching them with culturally amenable contexts.
There are some alternative methodologies that could be used, and write could also contribute to the body of service hours essay, knowledge on this subject. Essay! For example, these three methodologies would also be quite useful: Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of adult males in culture language, the countries in which child sex tourism and child prostitution are the most widespread Performing a longitudinal study on the economic indicators of countries that depend heavily on child sex tourism for industry income Conducting a quantitative attitudinal study of sex tourists who visit one (or several) of the countries in which child sex tourism is essay, most widespread. The benefit of the first alternative study would be helpful in identifying cultural attitudes in specific countries toward child prostitution. As one study mentioned in the literature review found, Thai men are extremely unlikely to speak out against prostitution, as 3 out of every 4 Thai men were found to have had sex with a prostitute.
In a country like that, prostitution would bring little outrage, if any, among those in position to make changes in public policy. Child prostitution would be less likely to inspire a similar outrage in my definition love essay, a country in which prostitution is so common, because sexual partners would be more likely to be viewed as things to use or consume, rather than people. The second alternative study would be of interest based on the definition of sustainable development mentioned near the beginning of this paper – development that sustains a country today without sacrificing its ability to provide for itself in the future. The children who enter prostitution either end up dead or damaged dramatically in essay, terms of health, emotional stability, and mental status. The possibility that, once these children are no longer viable sex workers, they would then head into other sectors of the economy and become productive citizens is remote at best. In Punjabi Language! This longitudinal study would analyze the effects of the loss of so much of the working-age population. The third alternative study would bring some intriguing results – provided that enough sex tourists could be found to answer, and provided that they gave accurate answers. On Pollution! After all, if someone is going to travel to another country for thesis a sexual vacation, it is likely that the topic is not one that he (or she) would be squeamish about write on pollution, discussing on an anonymous basis with a researcher. Essay Language! Finding out the motivations that lead one to travel abroad for sexual activity would be of some interest, but a greater area of contribution to this study would be to learn the attitudes of sex tourists (who are more likely to feel a sense of liberation than the write essay, general population in sexual matters) about child sex tourism. At what age should sex be legal? What should the consequences be for my definition child prostitution – for the purveyors who provide children to clients?
Those answers would be of interest, more from write essay a sociology perspective. A degree of outrage from those who use the sex tourism industry, though, might spur entities within the countries that depend so heavily on love, sex tourism to make changes. Obviously, in a highly qualitative study like the one I propose, there is little in the way of analysis – at write essay on pollution, least in the statistical kind. Instead, the discussion will focus on finding existing methods of thesis supervisor, innovation and essay on pollution identifying barriers – and recommending ways to overcome those barriers. While this might seem to be covering some existing ground instead of being innovative, it is clear that the writing prompts for narrative, barriers have not yet been overcome as a result of the research that is already out there. Because of the epidemic that child sex tourism continues to comprise, it is necessary for write on pollution research to take place that will persuade those who are in positions of authority, both in the industry and within halls of government, to find a different way to bring in thesis supervisor, tourists and write on pollution their cash. Researching Innovations to Eliminate Child Sex Tourism. As has already been mentioned in this study, there is not much existing knowledge about child sex tourism and trafficking, and hours there has been minimal research done on the connections between sustainability and write CSR and this touchy subject.
Because tourism changes quickly, and because sex crimes take on such a volatile hue, any research that has been done can become dated quickly. However, there have been some innovations taken on by public and private entities to prevent and even end sex tourism for children and trafficking. Some of these innovations have been steps taken to match laws – not just national law but also legislation that covers behaviors outside annexed territories. The first step seems to have been finding ways to build awareness within the tourism industry about the ways it could keep children from essay being sexually exploited; subsequent steps have been to write essay give tourism businesses the wherewithal to exercise that ability, to find alternative socioeconomic opportunities for the children who are at experiment, most risk for write coercion into prostitution, to build awareness among the public at for narrative, large, and to write generate incentives to turn in child sex tourists and traffickers. Innovation Models from experiment essay Nongovernmental Organizations. ChildWise is an organization that is focuses on eradicating child sex tourism in international destinations where Australians travel. ChildWise is the Australian wing of ECPAT International, which is a consortium dedicated to the elimination of the commercial sexual exploitation of write essay on pollution, children.
Founded in Thailand in culture language, 1962, ECPAT now has offices in 63 countries and was one of the initial groups that fought back against child prostitution in tourisn in essay on pollution, Asia (ECPAT International, 2007). ChildWise began with the assumption that child sex tourism, at least involving Australians, is thesis supervisor, not part of the mainstream tourism industry (Hecht, 2001). As a result, simply changing codes of conduct for mainstream tourism providers would not have much of an essay on pollution effect on child sex tourists leaving Australia. The agency designed “ChildWise Tourism” in 1999, to serve as a training program through the entire ASEAN region. This program includes educational materials for tourism students, teachers, and practitioners in the industry. The focus of the training is to help tourism professionals identify situations in which children might be in danger of sexual exploitation, and service then turn them into the relevant authorities.
All seven of the write essay, ASEAN countries allow ChildWise to come in thesis supervisor, and hold training sessions in the community: Myanmar, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Cambodia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand (ChildWise 2007). On Pollution! This way, there are people on the ground in the countries most affected by child sex tourism who now know what to look for. ChildWise also started “Travel With Care” in 2003, which conducts training seminars on the particulars of the Australia Child Sex Tourism law. World Vision started in 2004 and is a Christian humanitarian agency that serves almost 100 countries. Thesis Supervisor! One of its areas of focus is the on pollution, deterrence of foreign sex tourists and supervisor the creation of awareness about legislative efforts against child sex tourism. The slogan “Abuse a child in this country, go to jail in yours” was used widely in Costa Rica, Brazil, Mexico, Thailand and essay on pollution Cambodia – and was primarily aimed at American tourists. A Term Outline! The agency also has developed a series of in-flight videos as well as street signs and billboards in write on pollution, countries where child sex tourism is rampant (World Vision, 2007). The focus of this group on supervisor, Americans comes from the research that American citizens represent 1 of every 4 child sex tourists (Tepelus 2008, 105). The youth career initiative (YCI) is a subsidiary program of the International Business Leaders’ Foundation (IBLF), based in London.
The main purpose of write on pollution, this initiative is to boost the employability of young people in the hotel industry, and supervisor so to reduce the number of young people who are forced to turn to prostitution in order to survive. Such international hotels as Orient Express, Sol Melia, Starwood, and Sheraton have all agreed to provide on-site education for high school graduates who come from disadvantaged homes. After completing the course, the essay, participants receive assistance in career placement. Since this program began in 1995, more than 1,300 youth have completed the writing prompts for narrative, program; now it runs in eight countries: Poland, Brazil, Thailand, the Philippines, Ethiopia, Australia, Indonesia and Romania (IBLF, 2007). The direct target of this program is not child sex tourism or trafficking, but the fact that it targets at-risk youth by helping them find potential employment in the hotel industry does take potential prostitutes off the streets in countries where they could likely end up working for a pimp. Innovation Models from Government Organizations. One of the on pollution, governments that took the lead in fighting child sex tourism has been that of on punjabi in punjabi language, Brazil. In 1997, the write on pollution, country started a “no child sex tourism” campaign, and its logo for the campaign fighting the exploitation of supervisor, children was adopted by the UNWTO for the worldwide campaign (Tepelus 2008, 106).
In 2002, the write, government created the Ministry of Tourism, and within the National Tourism Chamber, a “Sustainable Tourism and Childhood Thematic Chamber” was established. The main goals of this program were to start the public discussion on such issues as the protection of hours essay, children in write essay on pollution, tourism and the best practices in the private sector of tourism, with an eye toward ultimately formulating public policy and legislation . From 2004 through 2007, the Ministry of Tourism held a World Tourism Forum for Peace and Sustainable Development as part of its “Sustainable Tourism and Childhood” campaign. This led to the first declaration against child sex tourism on October 26, 2005, in Rio de Janeiro, and experiment essay a combined South American campaign against child sex tourism, to begin 2007 in 12 countries. Also, the Brazilian government reached out to write essay such entities as Save the supervisor, Children Sweden and World Childhood Foundation Brazil to research other ways to help bring child sex tourism to an end (Gorenstein 2007). Innovation Models from Intergovernmental Organizations. From the very earliest efforts to fight child sex tourism, the UNWTO (UN World Tourism Organization) has provided input to interested organizations, including the first two Congresses against Commercial Exploitation of Children. In 1997, the on pollution, UNWTO set up a Task Force to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation in Tourism, designed to find and eliminate child sex tourism (UNWTO 2007a).
This committee meets twice a year at thesis supervisor, the major international tourism expositions, and has developed the Global Code of Ethics of Tourism. The part that is relevant to write child sex tourism reads: The exploitation of human beings in essay, any form, particularly sexual, especially when applied to. children, confl icts with the fundamental aims of tourism and is the negation of tourism; as such, in accordance with international law, it should be energetically combated with the write on pollution, cooperation of all the States concerned and penalized without concession by the national legislation of both the countries visited and the countries of the perpetrators of these acts, even when they are carried out abroad ( UNWTO, 2007b , Art. 2, point 3). In addition to the GCTE, though, the UNWTO has put together a set of guidelines that would inform the creation of a voluntary mechanism for essay implementing changes in tourism policies on the national level, and has created a World Committee on Tourism Ethics (WCTE) to on pollution intervene whenever there might be a dispute. A Term Paper! The UNWTO has also designed a set os sustainability indicators within the metrics that govern tourism, to ensure that the write essay on pollution, child sex tourism trade is being monitored quantifiably (UNWTO, 2004). The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OCSE) comprises the largest security organization assigned to a region in the world. There are 56 participating countries, in North America, Central Asia and Europe, all coordinating efforts to provide warnings for conflicts and crises that might break out, and to rehabilitate areas that have suffered from conflicts. In 2003, the writing paper, OSCE Economic and Environmental Activities (OSCE-OCEEA) office was given the essay on pollution, charge to find ways to bolster efforts in the private sector to essay on punjabi culture fight human trafficking by building awareness of the problem and distributing best practices, specifically including guidelines for designing policies, instituting self-regulation, and writing codes of conduct.
Because tourism and hospitality remain vital sources of revenue for many countries around the world, the travelers themselves have a powerful weapon against child sex tourism traffickers – by simply choosing where they will or will not go. Write Essay! However, the tourism providers themselves can work together to build an environment that refuses to condone human trafficking – particularly the sexual exploitation of children. The OSCE promotes the building of a code of thesis, conduct to raise awareness and has suggested the extension of that code to cover companies that do business in southeastern Europe, which is also an area that can be susceptible to human trafficking. The OSCE has gained industry and essay on pollution government commitments to essay on punjabi culture in punjabi fight child sex tourism and human trafficking (Telepus 2008, 107). The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is the write essay, agency within the United Nations that fights for children’s rights around the globe – which includes the responsibility for such issues as child sex tourism and child trafficking. When the tourism industry adopted a Code of Conduct in North American in 2004, UNICEF joined in support of the code with ECPAT and stanford UNWTO (UNICEF, 2004). This agency has enacted awareness campaigns about the issue of child sex tourism in such countries as Gambia, Kenya, Spain, Sri Lanka and the Dominican Republic, and has lobbied governments for laws against child sex tourism in countries throughout the write essay, Caribbean and Central America (Telepus 2008, 107).
Other intergovernmental agencies that have undertaken efforts to root out child sex tourism have included the International Labor Organization, the International Organization on Migration, and the UN Office of on punjabi language, Drugs and Crimes. The ILO put together the International Program on write essay on pollution, the Elimination of Child Labor to fight child labor in countries that lack national legislation protecting their youngest, and culture in punjabi all three organizations have enacted training programs designed to prevent and fight human trafficking. None of these agencies have done work specific to essay on pollution tourism, but their efforts on the other end of the supply chain all affect the funneling of children to supervisor tourists. Perhaps the most important measure that has emerged from the fight against child sex tourism came from industry itself: the Code of Conduct for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism. This code was signed by tour operators, hotels, airlines, travel agents, and other related entities. All of the signatories committed to six measures:
Developing company policies against essay on pollution, child sex tourism Training staff on ways to my definition love identify and write essay on pollution prevent child sex tourism Informing travelers about my definition, child sex tourism in particular destinations Adding language to contract boilerplate with suppliers in write essay, which both parties repudiate the practice of child sex tourism Working with government and private entities in destinations to prevent child sex tourism Giving an thesis annual report on the internal implementation of write, these commitments (Tepelus 2008, 106). This code came about in supervisor, 1998, through the write, efforts of ECPAT Sweden and the UNWTO, and it was finally launched in North America in 2004. Currently, more than 600 companies have signed it from 23 countries in North America, Asia, Europe, and Central and Latin America (Tepelus 2008, 106). The primary concerns include enforcement and monitoring – processes that vary widely among countries. Relying on self-regulation has proven to be an uneven method of accountability thus far. In The Scarlet Letter, the first observation that Nathaniel Hawthorne makes is that the first two things a new town needs are a cemetery and a prison, as the two certainties are death and wrongdoing. The personal tastes that lead tourists to stanford experiment go to other countries and seek out sex with children are distasteful to the vast majority of people – which is why they are illegal just about everywhere in the world. However, there are people who are so dedicated to the fulfillment of their tastes that they will risk arrest and essay exposure and stanford experiment will spend thousands of dollars to be able to write on pollution indulge them – which is why child sex tourism is alive and well.
Without demand, there would be no reason for anyone to provide supply. With that said, it is time for the international community to take broader action against those countries that harbor the child sex tourism trade. The creation of a code within the tourism industry and writing a set of best practices from international organizations is certainly a start, and it would be impossible to argue that these steps have not made a difference. Armed with information and write on pollution outrage, there are many organizations dedicated to rooting out this practice. On Punjabi In Punjabi! However, the governments in many of these countries are corrupt, held hostage by the crime organizations who profit from sex tourism – including the juvenile variety.
As a result, the United Nations should consider economic sanctions against countries that promote and allow child sex tourism. Write Essay! The simple fact that…